What programming languages are iOS apps written in? There are two possible options for the Apple app development language: Objective-C and Swift. What's the difference between them? We have the answers here.
Objective-C is the iOS coding language created by Stepstone in the early 1980s. It was presented to the public in 1988 when Tom Love and Brad Cox released the book "Object Oriented Programming: Evolutionary Approach." In the late 1980s, Objective-C was adopted by NeXT Computer, Inc., authorised for the development of the NeXTStep framework and eventually acquired by Apple. It’s a standard that has been in the field of iOS application development for many years.
Language functions seem technical, but they have a considerable influence on the business side, depending on the speed of development. Application development in Swift is faster than in Objective-C. The use of generic and higher-order functions leads to cleaner, more reusable code. The optional and type inference leads to the security responsibility code being transferred from the programmer to the compiler. A more concise syntax, with no need to create two code blocks for the class interface and implementation, means that the programmer can write fewer lines of code, the effect is the same as Objective-C.
All this makes development faster. This is more than just a theory – although there is no official research, we can confirm it as fact based on our own experience and the experience of our iOS developers.
Swift is faster to develop, but this isn’t the only factor you should consider when taking business-critical decisions. What are the pros and cons of these two Apple-related languages?
From the developer's point of view, Swift is safer, faster and more enjoyable. On the other hand, it just isn’t as mature as the C-family. The proper decisions are always made in a specific context.
Developing a native iOS app can be a tricky process. The developers you hire will work on it at every step, so there should be a professional technician on hand to visualise your application through the design and coding phases.
First, let's get acquainted with the real development aspects of your app – including some of the terminologies and techniques that are useful when starting an Apple app development project.
We start by discussing your project, including wireframing, storyboards and user interface design, with the development team. We build a prototype and then write your app in order to set up any server-side architecture such as a database. Our experienced iOS developers become your key consultants and guide you through each stage until your product is submitted to the App Store.
The user interface is developed using Storyboard and Interface Builder. This lays the foundation for how your application will work – it forms the interaction among the user interface, the database and the users. The prototype will create a style guide, but will also serve as a template for developers to start using the front-end and back-end software plans.
The interactions mentioned above are always caused by events. The event is triggered by a user action, the user action sends a request, manipulates the data and sends a response. The definition will guide application interaction to lay the foundation for all the code that will run application logic.
The software architecture planning phase coincides with the design of the user interface and usually goes through several iterations of feedback editing. Developers will ensure that any proposed project is well supported on the back-end, optimised for performance and scalability. Using the Foundation framework and the Core Data framework and API, developers will create a template for your application to organise data so that the controller layer of your app knows how to extract it from the database, delete or edit content. The controller layer is built using the Objective-C, Swift and Cocoa Touch frameworks. If you need to build your own back-end or you’ve chosen a BaaS (backend as a Service) software package or engineer back-end system, back-end developers are key to the application development process.
We have a wealth of experience in Apple app development, design, testing and deployment in the App Store. Contact us to discuss your project and we’ll do the discovery for your existing software solutions, estimate the functional demands of your task and suggest the Apple app development language that fits best.